试验 英语(实验英语单词怎么写)

英语学习 2022-01-18 19:18 41

摘要:01人物项目经理:ProjectManager产品经理:ProductManager开发:ResearchandDevelopmentengineer测试:Qu...

01 人物

项目经理:Project Manager

产品经理:Product Manager

开发:Research and Development engineer

测试:Quality Engineer

运维:Operations

内容营销:Content Marketing

内容运营:Content Operation

用户生产内容:User-generated Conten

职业生产内容:OGC—Occupationally-generated Content

销售:Sales

会计部经理:Accounting Manager

人力资源:Human resource

02 测试计划

测试用例:Test Cases

测试对象:Test Objectives

测试范围: Test Scope

测试策略: Test Strategy

测试方法: Test Approach

测试过程: Test procedures

测试环境: Test Environment

测试完成标准:Test Completion criteria

测试进度表:Test Schedules

风险:Risks

03 需求

需求规格说明书:The Test Specifications

需求分析阶段:The Requirements Phase

确认需求:Verifying The Requirements

有分歧的需求:Ambiguous Requirements

需求变更:Requirement Change

需求确认:Requirement Validate

04 测试类型

静态测试:Non-Execution-Based Testing或Static testing

代码走查:Walk through代码审查:Code Inspection

技术评审:Review动态测试:Execution-Based Testing

白盒测试:White-Box Testing

黑盒测试:Black-Box Testing

灰盒测试:Gray-Box Testing单元测试:Unit Test

冒烟测试:Smoke Test

集成测试:Integration Test

系统测试:System Test

验收测试:Acceptance Test

功能测试:Function Testing

易用性测试:Usability Testing

安装测试:Installation Testing

界面测试:UI Testing

配置测试:Configuration Testing

文档测试:Documentation Testing

兼容性测试:Compatibility Testing

安全性测试:Security Testing

恢复测试:Recovery Testing

回归测试:Regression Test

自动化测试:Automated Testing

性能测试:Performance Testing压力测试:Stress Testing

负载测试:Volume Testing


|黑盒测试:

等价类划分:Equivalence Class Partitioning

边界值:Boundary value

因果图:Causality diagram

决策表:Decision Table

错误推测法:Mistake conferring method

场景法: Scenario method


|白盒测试:

逻辑覆盖率:Logical Coverage

代码覆盖率:Code coverage

结构化覆盖率:Structural Coverage

语句覆盖率:Statement Coverage

判定覆盖:Decision Coverage

分支覆盖:Branch Coverage

条件覆盖:Condition Coverage

判定条件覆盖:Decision Condition Coverage

分值条件:Branch Condition Coverage,BC Coverage

路径覆盖:Path Coverage

指令覆盖:Instruction Blocks Coverage, IB Coverage

判定路径覆盖:Decision-to-Decision Paths Coverage,DDP Coverage

功能覆盖率:Function Coverage


05软件质量六大特性

1.功能性:functionality

适合性:suitability

准确性:accuracy

互操作性:interoperability

保密安全性:security

功能性的依从性:functionality compliance

2.可靠性:reliability

成熟性:maturity

容错性:fault tolerance

易恢复性:recoverability

可靠性的依从性:reliability compliance

3.易用性: usability

易理解性:understandability

易学性:learnability

易操作性:operability

吸引性:attractiveness

易用性的依从性:usability compliance

4.效率:efficiency

时间特性:time behavior

资源利用性:resource utilization

效率依从性:efficiency compliance

5.可维护性:maintainability

易分析性:analyzability

易改变性:changeability

稳定性:stability

易测试性:testability

维护性的依从性:maintainability compliance

6.可移植性:portability

适应性:adaptability

易安装性:installability

共存性:co-existence

易替换性:replaceability

可移植性的依从性:portability compliance


06 软件缺陷状态

New:缺陷的初始状态

Open:开发人员开始修改缺陷

Fixed:开发人员修改缺陷完毕

Closed:回归测试通过

Reopen回归测试失败

Rostpone:推迟修改

Rejected:开发人员认为不是程序问题,拒绝缺陷

Duplicate:与已经提交的Defect重复

Abandon:被Rejrect 和Duplicate的Defect,测试人员确认后的确不是问题,将Defect置为此状态


07 软件生命周期

软件开发生命周期:SDLC Software Development Life Cycle


08 环境

开发环境:development environment

测试环境:testing environment

预发布环境:Pre release environment

生产环境:production environment

09文档

市场需求文档:MRD market requirement document

产品需求文档:PRD product requirement document

项目过程手册:PHB Process Handbook

估计记录:EST Estimation Sheet

项目计划:PPL Project Plan

配置管理计划:CMP Software Management Plan

软件质量保证计划:QAP Software Quality Assurance Plan

软件风险管理计划:RMP Software Risk Management Plan

测试策略:TST Test Strategy

工作分解结构:WBS Work Breakdown Structure

业务需求说明书:BRS Business Requirement Specificati

软件需求说明书:SRS Software Requirement Specificati

系统测试计划:STP System Testing plan

系统测试用例:STC System Testing Cases

概要设计说明书:HLD High Level Design

集成测试计划:ITP Integration Testing plan

集成测试用例:ITC Integration Testing Cases

详细设计说明书:LLD Low Level Design

单元测试计划:UTP Unit Testing Plan

单元测试用例:UTC Unit Testing Cases

单元测试报告:UTR Unit Testing Report

集成测试报告:ITR Integration Testing Report

系统测试报告:STR System Testing Report

需求跟踪矩阵:RTM Requirements Traceability Matrix

配置状态发布:CSA Configuration Status Accounting

变更申请表:CRF Change Request Form

项目周报:WSR Weekly Status Report

质量工作周报:QSR Quality Weekly Status Report

质量检查报告:QAR Quality Audit

质量检查表:QCL Quality Check

阶段评估报告:PAR Phase Assessment Report

项目总结报告:CLR Closure Report

评审发现表:RFF Review Finding Form

会议纪要:MOM Minutes of Meeting

度量表:MTX Metrics Sheet

一致性检查表:CCF ConsistanceCheckForm

基线审计表:BAF Baseline Audit Form

问题跟踪表:PTF Program Trace Form

10 页面

QPS—Queries Per Second意思是“每秒查询率”,.英语四级(英语四级听力真题音频)服务器每秒请求数

UV—Unique Visitor,访客数,是指在一个统计周期内,访问网站的人数之和。

PV—Page View,浏览量,是指在一个统计周期内,浏览页面的数之和。

VV—Video View,播放数,是指在一个统计周期内,视频被打开的次数之和。

BR—Bounce Rate,跳出率,短时间内浏览了页面马上就离开的用户数占所有页面访问数的比重

CV—Content Views,内容播放数,是指在一个统计周期内,视频被打开,且视频正片内容(除广告)被成功播放的次数之和。

DAU—Daily Active User ,日活跃用户数

DNU—Daily New User,日新增用户数

DPU—Daily Pay Users,日付费用户数

CR—Churn Ratio, 流失率

RR—Retention Ratio, 留存率

UG—User Growth, 用户增长

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