英语学习 2022-02-24 15:17 177



Unit1 The Changing World



1. have a good summer holiday暑假过得愉快

2. come back from从......回来

3. have/has been to 去过

4. have/has gone to去了

5. not...any more 再也不...

6. take photos 照相

7. by the way 顺便问一下

8. take part in 参加

9. around/all over/throughout the world 全世界

10. tell sb. something about...告诉某人关于某事

11. have/live a happy/hard life 过着幸福/艰苦的生活

12. describe...in detail 详细描述

13. give support to支持...

14. see...oneself亲眼看见

15. keep in touch with 与...保持联系

16. far away 遥远的

17. kinds/sorts of 各种各样的...

18. not only...but also 不仅...而且...

19. make progress 取得进步

20. more than/over 多于

21. develop/improve rapidly 迅速发展/改善

22. tell sb. (not ) to do sth. 告诉某人(别)做某事

23. ask sb. (not ) to do sth. 要求某人(别)做某事

24. in order to do sth. 为了做某事

25. have to do sth. 不得不做某事

26. It's +形容词+for sb. to do sth. 对于某人来说做某事是...的

27. why not do sth. 为什么不做某事

28. succeed/be successful in doing sth. 成功地做某事

29. dream about doing sth. 梦想做某事

30. see/hear sb. do/doing sth. 看见/听见某人做/正在做某事



1. get lost 迷路

2. a couple of 一些,长隆英文(长隆英文名)几个

3. with the development of 随着...的发展

4. with the help of... 在...的帮助下

5. one of the+形容词最高级+名词复数其中之一/最...的其中之一

6. each other 互相

7. call/ring sb.up 给某人打电话

8. at least 至少

9. sth. happen to sb. 某人发生某事

10. What happened to sb? 某人发生某事?

11. take place 发生

12. because of 因为,由于

13. be strict with sb./in sth. 对某人/某事严格要求

14. carry out 执行

15. thousands/millions/hundreds of 成千上万/无数的/成百上千...

16. two thousand/million/hundred 两千/百万/百(具体数字后面不加s)

17. half of...一半...

18. two thirds 三分之二

19. be short of 短缺...

20. so far 到目前为止

21. be known/famous for 因...而闻名

22. be known/famous as 作为...而闻名

23. thanks to 幸亏...

24. have a long way to go 有很长的路要走

25. a town called... 一个叫做...的镇

26. fewer than/less than 少于

27. places of interest 名胜古迹

28. be interested in 对...感兴趣

29. such as 例如...

30. look/smell/sound/feel/taste+形容词 看/闻/听/摸/尝起来...

31. such a/an+形容词+sb./sth 如此...的人/物

32. take sb. to sp 带某人去某地

33. keep up with 赶上

34. have fun doing sth. 做某事很愉快

35. have a population of...有...的人口

36. What's the population of...? ...有多少人口?

37. want to do sth. 想要做某事

38. hate to do sth 讨厌做某事

39. take measures to do sth. 采取措施做某事

40. have(no)chance/time to do sth. 有机会/时间做某事

41. used to do sth. 过去常常做某事

42. be used to do sth. 被用来做某事

43. be/get used to doing sth. 习惯做某事

44. work well in doing sth. 在...方面起到显著作用

Unit2 Saving the Earth



1. chemical factory 化工厂

2. pour… into… 把……排放到……

3. in a bad mood 处在不好的情绪中

4. manage to do sth. 设法去做某事

5. do harm to … / be harmful to… 对……有害

6. quite a few 相当多

7. no better than 同…….一样差

8. in pubic 公开地

9. all sorts of 各种各样的

10.in many ways 在许多方面


1. Look, there are several chemical factories pouring waste water into the streams.


2. Everything has changed.一切已发生了变化。

3. How long have you been like this? 你像这样多长时间了?

4. I’m always in a bad mood because I can’t stand the environment here.


5. However, not all people know that noise is also a kind of pollution and is harmful to humans’health.




1. as a result 结果

2. here and there 到处

3. in the beginning 一开始

4. in danger 处于危险中

5. cut down 砍倒

6. change sth. into sth. 把……变成……

7. prevent from 防止

8. greenhouse effect 温室效应

9. refer to 提到

10. deal with 处理

12. cut off 中断


1. As we know, none of us likes pollution. 众所周知,没有人喜欢污染。

2. Humans have come to realize the important of protecting animals. 人类逐渐意识到保护动物的重要性。

3. Trees can also stop the wind blowing the earth away. 树木也能防风固土。

4. Cutting down trees is harmful to human beings, animals and plants. 砍伐树木对人类、动植物都有害。

5. Some things we’ve done are very good for earth while some are not good. 我们所做的,有些对地球很好,而有些不利。

6. They can also prevent the water from washing the earth away.它们也能阻止水土流失。

7. When it rains or when the wind blows, the earth is taken away. 天一下雨或刮风,土就会被冲走或刮走。



1. not only…but also… 不仅……而且……

2. be supposed to 应该

3. ought to 应该

4. turn off 关掉

5. instead of 代替

6. on time 准时

7. make sure 确保

8. push forward向前推

9. push down 向下

10. pull up 向上拉


1. For example, we should use both sides of paper and reuse plastic bags.


2. Everyone is supposed to do that.每个人都有义务那样做。

3. First, you ought to turn off the lights when you leave a room.首先,你离开房间时应该随手关灯。

4. Easier said than done. 说起来容易做起来难。

5. Well, actions speak louder than words. 嗯,百说不如一做。

6. There will be a lot of hard work to do tomorrow, so make sure you go to bed early tonight.


Unit3 English Around the World



1. be able to=can 能够,会

2. can’t wait to do sth. 迫不急待地做某事

3. have a (good) chance to do sth. 有(好)机会做某事

4. practice doing sth. 练习做某事

5. be made by… 被……制做

be made of/from… 由……制成

be made in… 在某地制造

6. on business 出差

7. be similar to… 和……相似

8. translate…into… 把……翻译成……

9. have no/some trouble (in) doing sth. 做某事没有/有些困难

10. once in a while=sometimes/at times 偶尔,间或

11. whenever=no matter when 无论何时

12. as well as 以及

13. mother tongue 母语

14. take the leading position 处于领先地位

15. encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事

16. call for 号召


1. Disneyland is enjoyed by millions of people from all over the world. 世界上数以百万的人们都喜欢迪斯尼乐园。

2. I hope I can go there one day. 希望有一天我能去那儿。

3. English is widely spoken around the world. 英语在世界上被广泛使用。

4. It is also spoken as a second language in many countries. 在许多国家它也被用作第二语言。

5. It is possible that you will have some trouble. 你可能会遇到一些麻烦。

6. It’s used as the first language by most people in America,Canada,Australia ,Great Britain andNew Zealand. 它被美国、加拿大、澳大利亚、英国和新西兰的大多数人用作第一语言。

7. And two thirds of the world’s scientists read English. 并且世界上三分之二的科学家用英语阅读。



1. by the way 顺便说一下

2. depend on 取决于……;依靠……

3. be different from 与……不同

4. succeed in 成功,达成

5. make yourself understood 表达你自己的意思

6. on one’s way to 在某人去……的路上

7. see sb. off 给……送行

8. leave for…前往某地/leave…for… 离开…去…

9. in twenty minutes 二十分钟之后

10. written English 笔头英语/oral English 英语口语

11. generally speaking 一般说来,大致上说

12. as for sb./sth. 至于某人/某物

13. be close to… 靠近……

14. in person 身体上,外貌上;亲自

15. be found of… 爱好……

16. be forced to do sth. 被迫做……

force sb.to do 强迫某人做某事

17. even worse 更糟的是


1. Is Australia English the same as British English? 澳式英语和英式英语一样吗?

2. English is spoken differently in different English-speaking countries. 不同的国家使用不同的英语。

3. For example, there are differences between British English and American English. 例如,在英式英语和美式英语之间有些不同点。

4. I can’t believe that I’m flying to Disneyland. 我简直不敢相信我就要飞往迪斯尼乐园了。

5. I hope I won’t have any difficulty. 我希望不会遇到什么困难。

6. Whenever you need help, send me an-mail or telephone me.


7. Not only children but also adults enjoy spending their holidays in Disneyland. 不但青少年而且成年人也喜欢到迪斯尼乐园度假。



1. in public在 公共场所

2. at times=sometimes 有时

3. feel like doing=would like to do 想要做……

4. give up sth./doing sth. 放弃

5. turn to sb. for help 求助于某人

6. give sb. some advice on/about… 给某人一些有关……的建议

7. be weak in 在……方面很差/be good at 在……方面很好

8. be afraid of doing sth. 害怕做某事

9. make mistakes 犯错误

10. take a deep breath 深呼吸

11. the best time to do 做某事最好的时间

12. do some listening practice 做些听力训练

13. reply to=answer 回答

14. advise sb. to do 建议某人做某事(名词advice)


1. Could you make yourself understood in the U.S.A? 在美国,别人能懂得你的话吗?

2. I don’t know what to do. 我不知道该怎么办?

3. At times I feel like giving up. 有时我想要放弃。

4. Try to guess the meanings of the new words, and get the main idea of the article. 尽量猜测生词的意思,理解文章的大意。

5. I dare not answer questions in class, because I’m afraid of making mistakes. 我不敢在课堂上回答问题,困为我害怕犯错误。

6. It’s an honor to talk with all of you. 与在座的各位交谈是我的荣幸。

7. But remember to choose the ones that fit you best. 但是记住要选择最适合你的一种。

8. I insist that you practice English every day. 我坚持认为你们每天都应该练习英语。

9. Believing in yourself is the first step on the road to success. 自信是通往成功的第一步。

Unit4 Amazing Science



1. go around 环绕

2. send…into… =send up…into… 把……送入......

3. congratulations on sth 祝贺某事

4. be proud of 为……而自豪

5. be moved by 为……而感动

6. Thanks/Thank you for +n./ving sth 感谢某人做的某事

7. have physical examinations 做体检

8. in good/bad health 处于好(不好)的身体状态

9. can’t help doing 情不自禁做……

10. take turn to (do sth) 轮流(做某事)

11. no doubt 疑地

12. as well as 除……的之外,也

13. for instance/example 例如

14. work on 做……(方面)的工作

15. depend on/upon 依靠,依赖

16. turn on 打开

17. turn off 关掉

18. turn up 开大

19. turn down 关小

20. click on 用鼠标点击

21. look forward to doing sth 期待做某事


1. Now big plans are being made to send up more satellites and even build a space station.现在中国正在计划发射更多的卫星,甚至建造一个空间站。

2. I’m moved by what Yang Liwei did. 我被杨利伟所做的事感动了。

3. Generally speaking, we are in good health now. 一般来说,我们现在的健康状况良好。

4. We couldn’t help looking at the earth again and again. 我们忍不住再三地看着地球。

5. I was able to fall asleep as soon as I got into the sleeping bag.

We took turns to have a rest. 一进入睡袋我就睡着了。我们轮流休息。

6. It has proved that China has made great progress in developing its space industry. 这证明了中国航天业的发展已取得了巨大的进步。

7.There is no doubt that computers are widely used by workers in business and technology.毫无疑问,电脑被商业,科技工作者广泛地应用.

8. Computers have made the world smaller, like a “village”. 电脑使得世界变小了,就像一个“村庄”。



1. be used for +ving 被用做……

2. come true 实现

3. It’s said that据说

4. during/in one’s life 某人一生

5. be known as以……(身份)而著名

6. know/say for certain 确切知道/肯定地说

7. all the time 一直,总是

8. no longer=not…any longer 不再

=(no more, not…any more)

9. as long as只要

10. as far as就……,尽……

11. make a great contribution对…...作出巨大贡献

12. the rest of the time 在其余地时间里

13. at any time 在任何时候


1. Because I’m not allowed to play computer games. 因为我不可以玩电脑游戏。

2. How do you say this in English?这用英语怎么说?

3. It’s made from wood.它用木材做的。

4. It’s used for helping us to improve our English. 它用来帮助我们提高英语水平。

5. People are surprised at the rapid development of robots. 人们为机器人的飞速发展感到惊讶。

6. They will no longer want to be our servants, but our masters.它们将不再愿意做我们的人,而要做我们的主人。

7. This method worked well at night as long as the weather was good and the stars could be seen. 在夜间只要天气晴朗,能看见星星,这种方法就能很好地发挥作用。



1. travel by spaceship 乘宇宙飞船旅行

2. in the future 在未来

3. in order to 为了

4. on the radio 通过收音机

5. take part in 参加

6. grow up 成长,长大

7. prefer…to 喜欢……胜过……

8. What’s worse 更为糟糕的是

9. be worth it 有好处,值得一干

10. at a distance of 相隔

11. send sb a message 给某人发送信息


1. I don’t think aliens can be found in space. 我认为外星人不可能出现在太空里。

2. It has been two days since we landed on Mars. 自从我们登上火星以来已经两天了。

3. What’s worse, our water supplies were very low. 更糟糕的是,我们的水供给是非常有限的。

4. It’s a quarter as big as the earth. 它是地球的四分之一大。

5. Mars goes around the sun at a distance of about 228 million kilometers. 恒星在相隔大约228000000千米的地方绕着太阳转动。



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