比较级 英语(形容词比较级 英语)

英语学习 2021-11-28 13:26 74

摘要:关注英语那些事,分享更多英语哦要点:比较级是两者或者两部分之间进行比较。两者比较要用比较级。than比。比如说:他比Jim高。这条河流比那条河流长。这本书比那本...

关注英语那些事,身体部分英语(身体部分英语单词图片)分享更多英语哦

要点:比较级是两者或者两部分之间进行比较。两者比较要用比较级。than 比。

比如说:

他比Jim高。

这条河流比那条河流长。

这本书比那本重。

He is taller than Jim.(比较级的时候,就不能用原形了。)

(tall-taller;long-longer;heavy-heavier)

要点:最高级就是三者或者三者以上进行比较,注意比较的范围。

比如说:

他是我们三个最高的一个。

这个房子是所有的房子中最大的一个。

(tall-tallest;big-biggest)

你知道比较级和最高级是如何构成的吗?

必须要知道!

第一种情况:如图所示:

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【语法系列】第14讲 比较级(详细解读)

第二种情况:部分双音节与多音节的词比较级在原级之前加more, 最高级在原级之前加most

beautiful---more beautiful---most beautiful

interesting---

difficult---

第三种情况:不规则变化的形容词:

little (原形) - less (比较级)- least(最高级)

good/well(原形) - better(比较级) - best(最高级)

bad/ill (原形) - worse(比较级) - worst(最高级)

far (原形)-- further—furthest

many/much——more——most

few——fewer——fewest

例句展示:

Tom is tall. John is tall. Bob is tall.

I'm as tall as you. Tom is as tall as John.

A as+形容词或者副词原形+as B 这是原级比较,

Bob is taller than John.

John is the tallest of the three.

John is the tallest in his class.

常见的用法如下

一、 在…than…句中,这是常见的比较级用法

He is taller than I.(口语中常作:He is taller than me.)

他比我高。

He is two heads taller than I.

他比我高出两个头。

二、 比较级and比较级,表示越来越……

It‘s getting darker and darker.

天越来越黑了。

He is getting more and more interestedin sports.

他对体育越来越感兴趣。

备注:如果是多音节的话,用more and more+adj./adv.

More and more beautiful;more and more carefully

三、 The +比较级,the +比较级, 表示越……,越……

The more you eat, the more you want.你越吃越想要。

The earlier you get up ,the more you read.你起的越早,你读的就越多。

四、 在which…or…?句中,表示两者比较

Which is bigger, the sun or the moon?

太阳和月亮,哪一个更大?

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五、形容词比较级前可受much,far,a lot,still,no,a little,even,any 修饰,表示超出的程度

1. much

We have a much better life now. 我们现在的日子好得多了。

2. far

The buildings look far uglier in London than here.

伦敦的建筑比这儿的难看得多。

3. even

This story is even more interesting than that one.

这个故事比哪个更有趣。

4. a lot

I made a lot more mistakes than you (did).

我犯的错误比你多多了。

5. a little

Your cake is a little bigger than mine.

你的蛋糕比我的大一点儿。

6. still

It‘s still colder today. 今天更冷一些。

7. any

Have you any more? 你还有吗?

Oh, sorry, no more. 哦,对不起,没有了。

8. no

She‘s no better yet.

她一点也没好转。

The train is no longer in sight.

火车再也看不见了。

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习题练习

一、写出以下各形容词的比较级和最高级:

1,nice 2. fat 3. slow 4. dry 5. happy

6. wet 7. much 8. ill 9. little 10. bad 11. thin 12. far

13. early 14. careful 15. exciting 16. busy

二、根据句意,用所括号内所级形容词的比较等级形式填空:

1. Mr. Smith is _________ man in this office. (rich)

2. Winter is _________ season of the years. (cold)

3. It is much _______ today than yesterday. (hot)

4. She is a little ________ than her classmates. (careful)

5. ________ people came to the meeting than last time. (many)

6.Jack is______than his brother.(tall)

7. Which book is ________, this one or that one? (easy)

8. My room is _______ than yours. (small)

9. Hainan is _______ from Beijing than Hunan. (far)

10. Skating is _______ than swimming. (exciting)

11. Jim is _______ than all the others. (honest)

12. Things are getting _______ and _______. (bad)

13.13. The higher you climb, the _______ it will be. (cold)

14. Now his life is becoming ________ and _______. (difficult)

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三、用适当形式填空:

1. Bob is _________ ( young ) than Fred. but ___________ (tall) than Fred.

2. Almost all the students' faces are the same ,but Li Deming looks _______ (fat) than before after the summer holidays.

3.Which is _________ (heavy), a duck or a chicken?

4.-- How _________ (tall) is Sally?

--She' s 1.55 metres ________ (tall).

What about Xiaoling?

-- She' s only 1.40 metres ________ (tall). She is much _______ (short) than Sally.

She is also the _______ (short) girl in the class.

5. He is ______ (bad) at learning maths. He is much _______ (bad) at Chinese and he is the _________ (bad) at English. 最高级

6. Annie says Sally is the ________ (kind) person in the world. 最高级

7. He is one of the_________(friendly) people in the class, I think. 此处是最高级

8. A dictionary is much _________ (expensive) than a story-book.

9. An orange ia a little ______ (big) than an apple, but much ________ (small) than a watermelon.

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